What is Acne?
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne most commonly appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne can be in two forms:
1. Noninflammatory lesions:
These can be black heads or white heads. These are created when the openings of hair follicles become clogged and blocked with oil secretions, dead skin cells and sometimes bacteria. When these are open at the skin surface, they're called blackheads because of the dark appearance of the plugs in the hair follicles. When these are closed, they're called whiteheads — slightly raised, skin-colored bumps.
2. Inflammatory lesions:
These can be of four types:
- Papules are small raised bumps that signal inflammation or infection in the hair follicles. Papules may be red and tender.
- Pustules (pimples) are red, tender bumps with white pus at their tips.
- Nodules are large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin. They're formed by the buildup of secretions deep within hair follicles.
- Cysts are painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin. These boil-like infections can cause scars.
Causes of Acne:
- Overproduction of oil (sebum)
- Irregular shedding of dead skin cells resulting in irritation of the hair follicles of your skin
- Buildup of bacteria
- Other factors may include hormonal changes, diet or medication etc
How to Prevent Acne?
Keep your Face clean:
Keep your face clean as much as you can dirt, make-up, oil all clogs up the cells and causes acne
Wash Your Face:
Wash your face more often if you have oily skin, use face washes that are made for oily skin.
Cleansing is the best way to avoid acne as cleansing twice a day in summers and once in winters removes all dirt and pollution from the face
Remove Make-up before Sleeping:
Skin rests while you are asleep so make sure you use a goor makeup remover to remove all makeup and wash your face before going to bed.
Scrub your face twice a week to remove dead skin.
Don't Touch your Face:
Don't touch your face or let anyone do it, hands are most intact with the environment and are exposed to bacteria, don't let bacteria get to your face as skin of your face is very sensitive.
Avoid Using Other People's Stuff:
Don't use towel, tissue paper, compact, blushers, makeup tools, face creams of others, try using only your own stuff and don;t share yours with others too.
Drink Plenty of Water:
Drink plenty of water to boosts your metabolism the more diluted your blood stream remains the more it avoids bacteria breakout on your skin.
Avoid direct contact with sunlight, use umbrella or anything to cover your skin from sunlight.
Avoid oily food, junk food, snacks, Chinese food etc. Food that contains more oil, spices or heats up your body temperature cause acne.
Avoid eating Chocolate it also increases metabolism rate and produces heat in body.
Eat vegetables and grains:
Eat vegetables and grains as they boost metabolism instead of warming up your body.
Fruits are full of fiber they also help you fight against acne and avoid it.
Add exercise to your daily routine for sane reason to facilitate your metabolism.
Don't take stress, it is also a factor that causes Acne.
If you are a smoker then quit smoking as smoking causes acne.
Keep your Stomach Clean:
If your stomach remains upset mostly, it can also be a reason for acne so keep it clean and healthy to avoid acne.
Hope you like it :)
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